Signals & Space Monthly Cyber Security Briefing

December 2017

Prepared by the CyberWire (Friday, December 1, 2017)—Developments in Signals and Space, from November 1st through November 30th, 2017.

North Korean missile tests demonstrate intercontinental range.

On November 28th, after taking about a month off from testing, North Korea successfully fired a missile that appears to have intercontinental range, range sufficient to reach any target in the continental United States. The missile is said to have travelled 597 miles (960 kilometers) before splashing down in waters belonging to Japan's Exclusive Economic Zone. More significantly than the range the test achieved is the altitude it reached. Reports indicate that the system's maximum ordinate was 2796 miles (4500 kilometers) and it's this altitude that indicates an ability to strike targets in the United States.

The US reacted with calls for more sanctions, telling an emergency meeting at the United Nations that the DPRK's missile testing represented a clear threat to peace, and raised the prospects of war between Pyongyang, the US, and US allies. Specifically, the US wants China to cut off oil exports in particular to North Korea.

South Korea's Unification Minister says that North Korea can be expected to announce completion of its nuclear weapons program sometime next year.

Misconfigured AWS buckets.

Twice this month the US Department of Defense has been embarrassed by misconfigured Amazon Web Services S3 buckets that exposed sensitive information to public access. 

In the first case a contractor, now-defunct VendorX, set up cloud accounts that contained the harvest of a large number of social media posts. UpGuard found the archive in unsecured Amazon Web Services S3 buckets ("centcom-backup," "centcom-archive," and "pacom-archive") established by VendorX. The information wasn't secret, but it appeared sensitive. The US Department of Defense characterized the effort as benign, representing open-source collection efforts by VendorX on behalf of US Central Command and US Pacific Command. They did archive some 1.8 billion social-media posts, many of them by US citizens. 

Representatives of the Defense Department say that not only were the posts public and freely accessible, but that in any case the data weren't analyzed into intelligence products. It is indeed difficult to see how this effort differs from what a conventional clipping service might offer, but of course large-scale information sweeps always arouse suspicion. UpGuard  said it was "shocked," by not only the appearance of surveillance, but by the carelessness that enabled their researchers to find the material in the first place. All the bucket owners would have needed to do was change a few settings and their data would have been much harder to acquire.

The second incident involved classified material. Specifically, researchers at UpGuard (again) found an exposed AWS account that contained Red Disk material. Red Disk is an adjunct to the US Army's Distributed Common Ground System (DCGS) intended to provide multi-level security, centralized data ingestion and handling, and readily sharable information for tactical operations. It's generally regarded as having been an unsuccessful program, unpopular with its intended users. Red Disk data, much of it marked as too sensitive to share even with allies, still shouldn't have leaked. The incident is an embarrassment to the US Army's Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM), that Service's component of NSA's Central Security Service.

Amazon Web Services has announced a new cloud designed to meet the needs of the US Intelligence Community: AWS Secret Region. Secret Region will allow intelligence agencies to ingest, store, share, and handle classified data. The CIA's Chief Information Officer likes it, and says he believes Secret Region to be a better, more secure solution than the CIA's own data centers. The new service is said to be a multi-leveled one, capable of handling information from unclassified through top secret.

Missile interceptions in the Gulf region; preparations elsewhere.

Saudi-operated Patriot systems intercepted a missile Yemen's Houthi rebels launched in the direction of Riyadh. The Houthis are a Shi'ite group with ties to Iran; the missile they fired was said by US officials to be an Iranian-manufactured Scud variant. The wreckage is said to have "Iranian markings."

Raytheon said that Arab-operated Patriot units have intercepted more than a hundred tactical ballistic missiles since 2015. 

Iran says that its Supreme Leader has voluntarily decided to restrict the range of the Islamic Republic's missiles, but that of course is a matter of policy that could change should circumstances so warrant. Tensions between Iran and its regional (and religious) rival Saudi Arabia remain high.

The US Air Force has issued a request for information pertaining to work on a new generation of missile-warning satellites, Space-Based Infrared System Follow-On.

Cyber threats to satellites, military and civilian. 

Satellite-carried comms are as vulnerable as any that come across a terrestrial backbone. They're susceptible to jamming (by distributed denial-of-service attack), by interception (through man-in-the-middle attacks), indeed, they can be attacked in any number of familiar ways.

A launch-system era nears its end. A new era in reusable craft may be opening.

The venerable Delta II launch vehicle, a reliable US workhorse for decades, made its second-to-last flight this past month. The Delta's lineage goes back to the Thor intermediate range ballistic missile that first flew in the 1950s and provided the basis for the Delta II's first stage.

Successful glide tests of Sierra Nevada's Dream Chaser, a lifting body that could be used for autonomous missions into low earth orbit, were held over the California desert in November.

Failure to launch.

A Russian Soyuz 2.1b launch vehicle's Fregat second stage failed in a November 28th attempt to place nineteen satellites into orbit. Reports put the failure down to a programming error. The launch was from Russia's new facility at the Vostochny cosmodrome, but the Fregat was apparently programmed for launch from the old, familiar, Baikonur cosmodrome. The attempted launch was the second from Vostochny.

There was a failure in the US as well, but this was an experimental static test of a developmental vehicle. A SpaceX Block 5 Merlin motor exploded at the company's MacGregor test facility in Texas. There were no injuries. The Merlin Block 5 is important to SpaceX's plans, as it is designed to improve reusability and turnaround time. The company hasn't announced a date for a first flight, but one is widely expected in 2018.

US Air Force cyber plans.

The US Air Force is working towards an upgrade of its cyber capabilities, both offensive and defensive. Among the changes anticipated are increased wargaming capabilities, clear and dedicated career paths for officers specializing in cybersecurity, and enhanced research and development programs.

Among the research programs is a $50 million award to Ball Aerospace for development of ways to protect weapon systems from cyber attacks. Ball, based in Colorado, will perform the work at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio. 

Congress offers guidance.

Congress has told the Missile Defense Agency in the Fiscal 2018 Defense Authorization Bill that it wants it to give serious consideration to space-based missile defense.

While authorization of a Space Corps (something the Department of the Air Force really isn't interested in) didn't make the final version of the bill (and in fact the bill specifically precluded the creation of such a Service), Congressional boosters of said Corps believe they scored a kind of victory in the way the legislation pushed an extensive reorganization of Air Force space. It even went so far as to direct the Deputy Secretary of Defense to have someone other than the Air Force draft a road map to "establish a separate military department" for space. So this fight's not over; it's just deferred.

Industry notes.

Orbital ATK's shareholders approved the company's acquisition by Northrop Grumman.

Both Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman announced job cuts in their Colorado Springs operations.

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Today's edition of the CyberWire reports events affecting China, Germany, Iran, Japan, the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Selected Reading

Attacks, Threats, and Vulnerabilities (22)

Trends (1)

Marketplace (9)

Products, Services, and Solutions (17)

Technologies, Techniques, and Standards (13)

Research and Development (7)

Legislation, Policy, and Regulation (21)

Events (5)

Attacks, Threats, and Vulnerabilities

North Korea Test Fires Ballistic Missile That Can Hit Almost Anywhere in America (The National Interest) After a months-long lull in activity, North Korea test launched an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) on what appears to have been a lofted trajectory.

North Korea’s highest missile test yet means they could hit Washington (Air Force Times) Pentagon still assessing launch, said more details to come.

North Korean missile lands in Sea of Japan, Pentagon says (CNBC) North Korea on Tuesday fired a missile that traveled about 1000 km before crashing into the Sea of Japan, the Pentagon said.

North Korea fires ICBM into Japanese waters (Fox News) North Korea fired an intercontinental ballistic missile in the middle of the night local time Wednesday, the first such launch from the rogue regime in more than two months, a U.S. official confirmed to Fox News.

Japan detects radio signals pointing to possible North Korea missile test: source (Reuters) Japan has detected radio signals suggesting North Korea may be preparing another ballistic missile launch, although such signals are not unusual and satellite images did not show fresh activity, a Japanese government source said on Tuesday.

NSA accidentally leaks more secrets after 'Red Disk' was left on unsecured AWS server (http://www.computing) Who needs Edward Snowden when the NSA is so careless with its own data?

CENTCOM Says Massive Data Cache Found on Leaky Server is Benign (Threatpost | The first stop for security news) Pentagon contractor left 1.8 billion mostly benign publicly accessible social-media posts scraped from the internet on a publicly accessible Amazon storage bucket.

(LEAD) N.K. may announce completion of nuke force next year: Seoul official (Yonhap News Agency) South Korea's unification minister said Tuesday that North Korea may announce the completion of its nuclear weapons programs next year as the North has been working on its nuclear arsenal at a faster pace.

Cyber experts say threats to satellites are legion (SpaceNews.com) If your company or organization uses a network, there are people who want to hack it. If you haven’t tried to stop them, those hackers are probably already in your network.

Is the US military prepared for cyberattacks on satellites? (Fifth Domain) Keeping the U.S. defensive resources safe from cyberattacks means protecting systems in the remote locations throughout the world — and off-world.

Saudi forces intercept ballistic missile fired at Riyadh by Yemen's Houthi rebels (Deutsche Welle) Yemen's Houthi rebels claimed to have fired the missile in response to Saudi and American "aggression." The incident came hours before a suicide attack in the southern Yemeni city of Aden killed at least five soldiers.

U.S. Air Force Official: Missile Targeting Saudis Was Iranian (Bloomberg) Iran manufactured the ballistic missile fired by Yemen's Shiite rebels toward the Saudi capital and remnants of it bore "Iranian markings," the top U.S. Air Force official in the Mideast said Friday.

Raytheon: Arab-operated Patriots intercepted over 100 tactical ballistic missiles since 2015 (Defense News) Raytheon executives used the statistic to underscore the success of a continuously upgraded system originally designed to defend against aircraft.

Israel deploys Iron Dome rocket defense amid threats by Gaza militants (Defense News) The system defends against short-range rockets and intercepted hundreds of projectiles fired by Palestinian militants during the 2014 Gaza war.

Analysis | Would cyberattacks be likely in a U.S.-North Korea conflict? Here’s what we know. (Washington Post) Pyongyang has a track record of increasingly daring cyberattacks.

The Korean Missile Crisis (Foreign Affairs) The North Korean nuclear threat is more dangerous than the Cuban Missile Crisis, and it is time for the U.S. government to pursue diplomatic options.

The DPRK Dilemmas (RealClearDefense) Now that the DPRK has developed long-range missiles and what appears to be a hydrogen bomb, what next? Does Kim Jung-un plan to incinerate a U.S. city in the near future? Until now, nuclear powers...

South Korea fears further missile advances by North this year in threat to U.S. (Reuters) North Korea may conduct additional missile tests this year to polish up its long-range missile technology and ramp up the threat against the United States, South Korea's spy agency said on Monday, adding that it was monitoring developments closely.

North Korea's nuclear arsenal too developed to destroy quickly, Moon says (The Japan Times) South Korean President Moon Jae-in said on Tuesday it would not be easy for reclusive North Korea to destroy its nuclear arsenal quickly, even if wanted to

Pentagon: Invasion Only Way to Destroy North Korea’s Nuclear Arsenal (VOA) More than a dozen congressmen said in a statement they found the Pentagon's answer deeply disturbing

North Korea: 'Gangster-like' U.S. staged 'surprise nuclear strike drill' (USA TODAY) Trump’s 12-day visit to Asia, which starts Sunday in Japan comes amid the increasing tensions with Pyongyang.

Could an air conditioner take down a military base? The Pentagon is worried (Fifth Domain) he Pentagon is looking to take steps against the possibility that a cyberattack could take down the crucial infrastructure at its bases, both domestically and overseas, per a top department official.

Trends

Trends in Technology and Digital Security: Space, Satellites, and Critical Infrastructure (The George Washington University) On September 14, 2017, CCHS convened a Symposium on Trends in Technology and Digital Security.

Marketplace

Orbital ATK Shareholders Vote to Approve Acquisition by Northrop Grumman (Northrop Grumman Newsroom) Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) is pleased that the shareholders of Orbital ATK (NYSE: OA) have approved the company’s proposed acquisition of Orbital ATK.

Study Finds SpaceX Investment Saved NASA Hundreds of Millions (Popular Mechanics) The private spaceflight company saved NASA the trouble of building their own cargo spacecraft.

Raytheon seeing growth in missile defense systems because of rising 'threat dynamics' (CNBC) Defense company Raytheon is seeing a growth market in missile defense systems in Europe and the Middle East due to increased "threat dynamics," the company's international chief executive told CNBC.

Northrop gets transparent about classified revenues, somewhat (Washington Technology) Northrop Grumman is one of several examples of public companies with growing classified work that it just can't talk about. But here is what they can tell us.

Mercury Systems Receives $3.8M Microelectronics Order for Airborne Electronic Warfare Application - NASDAQ.com (NASDAQ.com) Mercury Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ:MRCY) (www.mrcy.com) announced it received a follow-on $3.8 million order from a leading defense prime contractor for multi-chip module devices integrated into an advanced airborne electronic warfare system. The order was booked in the Company's fiscal 2018 second quarter and is expected to be shipped over the next several quarters.

Lockheed Martin Arm Wins Satellite Communication Security Deal (NASDAQ.com) Defense major Lockheed Martin Corp. 's LMT Space Systems business unit secured a modification contract for providing engineering and interim logistics services as well as delivering spares and associated material, related to Mobile User Objective System (MUOS). Work related to the deal is expected to be over by November 2020.

Defense contractors Lockheed, Northrop plan job cuts in Colorado Springs (The Denver Post) Defense contractors Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman plan to cut about 130 jobs after contracts each separately had with the federal government come to an end, according to notices filed with t…

German intelligence agency gets spy satellite system funds (Deutsche Welle) Hundreds of millions of euros have been earmarked for Germany's Federal Intelligence Service (BND) to get its own presence in space. The chancellor's office is pushing the project, but critics are skeptical.

Polaris Alpha Names Former US Cyber Command Deputy Commander Lieutenant General (Ret.) James K. McLaughlin And Former National Reconnaissance Office Advanced Systems Director Major General (Ret.) Robert H. Latiff to its Advisory Board (PRNewswire) Polaris Alpha today named two high profile former military and government...

Products, Services, and Solutions

Amazon launches new cloud storage service for U.S. spy agencies (Washington Post) The new service will be provided through an existing $600 million contract with the intelligence community.

Mercury Systems Receives $2.2M RF Microelectronics Order for Ballistic Missile Defense Radar Application (GlobeNewswire News Room) Mercury Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ:MRCY) (www.mrcy.com), announced it received a $2.2M order from a leading defense prime contractor for state-of-the-art radio frequency (RF) modules integrated into a ballistic missile defense radar system. The order was booked in the Company’s fiscal 2018 second quarter.

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Mercury Systems Unveils First SpectrumSeries OpenRFM-Compliant Microwave Transceiver (GlobeNewswire News Room) Rugged, ultra-wideband transceiver built with scalable open system architectures drives the lowest total cost of ownership for electronic warfare applications

US Air Force Extends E-8C Joint STARS Fleet Support Partnership with Northrop Grumman (Northrop Grumman Newsroom) The U.S. Air Force has awarded Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) a 12-month, $349.6 million contract for Total System Support Responsibility (TSSR) of the E-8C Joint Surveillance...

Harris develops mission data unit for USAF’s GPS III satellites (Airforce Technology) Harris has developed a fully digital mission data unit (MDU) for integration into navigation payload for the US Air Force’s...

Boeing Installs 44th CBI Interceptor as Trump Seeks 20 More (Aviation Week) Boeing has installed the last..

Raytheon Boosting Performance Of TPY-2 Radar (Aviation Week) The US Missile Defense Agency (MDA) and Raytheon...

Raytheon delivers GPS OCX’s LCS to USAF (Aviation Week) Raytheon has completed the delivery of global positioning system next-generation operational control system’s (GPS OCX) launch and checkout system (LCS) to the US Air Force (USAF).

Northrop Grumman’s Newest Mission Computer Fielded by US Marine Corps for H-1 Helicopter Upgrades (Northrop Grumman Newsroom) Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) has delivered its next-generation mission computer to the U.S. Marine Corps, which recently fielded the equipment for the first time on the UH‑1Y and AH-1Z helicopters under...

Harris matures navigation payload design for Lockheed Martin’s GPS III satellites (Military Embedded Systems) Engineers at Harris Corp. completed the development of the Mission Data Unit (MDU), which is at the center of the navigation payload for Lockheed Martin’s GPS III satellites 11 and beyond.

US Air Force accepts Raytheon's GPS OCX launch and checkout system (Aerotech News) The U.S. Air Force has officially accepted Raytheon’s GPS Operational Control System launch and checkout system, also referred to as Block 0, signifying the company met all contractual requirements when it delivered the LCS to the service on Sept. 29.

America’s oldest rocket just made its penultimate flight (Ars Technica) With six decades of history, the modern Delta II has a great record of success.

Harris Corporation Successfully Completes Testing for James Webb Space Telescope (BusinessWire) Harris Corporation (NYSE:HRS) has partnered with NASA’s Johnson Space Center to successfully complete thermal vacuum testing for the James Webb

Orbital ATK rocket launches 10 Earth-imaging satellites into space (C4ISRNET) The six SkySat spacecraft and four miniature Dove satellites were launched Tuesday afternoon aboard an Orbital ATK Minotaur C rocket.

Sierra Nevada’s Dream Chaser performs critical glide test flight (Spaceflight Now) An atmospheric test article of Sierra Nevada Corp.’s Dream Chaser spaceship made a successful runway landing Saturday at Edwards Air Force Base in California after a glide test flight performed to verify the craft’s handling qualities and guidance systems before future resupply missions to the International Space Station.

System of Systems: GPS III update, Galileo launch (GPS World) Final preparations are underway for Galileo’s quadruple launch on Dec. 12.

Technologies, Techniques, and Standards

Why Is It So Hard to Shoot Down a Missile? (NYTimes.com) The U.S. has a system in place guarding it from intercontinental ballistic missiles. But it's by no means foolproof. Here's why.

British military to test space-based intelligence gathering (Defense News) The satellite will give the military hands-on experience on a spacecraft able to offer customers high-resolution, full-motion video imagery in color for intelligence gathering and other duties.

The second launch from Russia’s new spaceport has failed (Ars Technica) Human error may have been involved.

This week’s failed Russian rocket had a pretty bad programming error (Ars Technica) The Fregat upper stage sent its satellites back into Earth's atmosphere.

Air Force says goodbye to experimental satellite (C4ISRNET) A satellite project that could have been the foundation for U.S. space warfare has been decommissioned, the 45th Space Wing reported.

AI Can Help Hunt Down Missile Sites in China (WIRED) Teaching deep learning algorithms to find surface-to-air missile sites and much more in satellite images.

Army Looks To Replace $6 Billion Battlefield Network After Finding It Vulnerable (Foreign Policy) Hailed as a transformation in battlefield communications, the WIN-T program can’t stand up to foes versed in sophisticated electronic warfare.

Where does cyber fit in the Air Force’s multi-domain command and control concept? (Fifth Domain) Cyber effects and forces are controlled and governed differently than other traditional capabilities in the other domains, leading to questions about how those capabilities will integrate.

Air Force to discuss ‘unusual and compelling urgency’ for new missile-warning satellites (SpaceNews.com) The follow-on system has been discussed as an opportunity to exploit commercial space industry advances and design a lower cost system, possibly with a larger number of satellites that could more easily replaced if attacked.

Here's What We Know About the Secret Zuma Payload SpaceX Is Launching (Space.com) SpaceX plans to launch a secret payload known as Zuma on Thursday evening (Nov. 16) from NASA's Kennedy Space Center on Florida's Space Coast. Here's what we know about the mission. (Spoiler alert: It isn't much.)

The billionaire, the defence contractor and the mystery 'government' satellite (HeraldScotland) IT'S like a plot lifted straight from the pages of an Ian Fleming James Bond novel – the eccentric billionaire sending a rocket with a mystery…

Space War: How the Air Force Plans to Defend the Final Frontier (Popular Mechanics) Militarized space is already here, so Popular Mechanics sat down with the top general of Air Force Space Command to figure out what that really means.

New Zealand seeks tactical SATCOM solution (C4ISRNET) GATR will supply the New Zealand Defense Force with 2.4-meter inflatable satellite antennas with supporting hardware, spares and training.

Research and Development

Air Force leaders launch new electronic warfare research (C4ISRNET) Recognizing that future wars will not be solely fought on ground, sea and air, the U.S. Air Force is kicking off a third-study on how it plans to use electronic warfare (EW).

Air Force awards $50M research contract to protect weapons from cyberattacks (Fifth Domain) The Air Force Research Laboratory has awarded a nearly $50 million contract to a defense contractor to research ways to protect weapons systems from cyberattacks.

DARPA taps BAE to create space tech testbed (Washington Technology) BAE Systems' U.S. arm gets tasked by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to create a space technology testbed under a potential $12.8 million contract.

An experimental SpaceX rocket engine has exploded in Texas (Ars Technica) “We are now conducting a thorough and fully transparent investigation.”

Missile Defense Agency wants sensor and simulation concepts (C4ISRNET) The work, to be performed for MDA in Huntsville, Ala., will pursue new interceptor and sensor tools and techniques.

Privately Funded Team May Launch Life-Hunting Mission to Saturn Moon Enceladus (Space.com) A privately funded team may beat NASA to the punch when it comes to looking for life on the Saturn moon Enceladus.

DARPA wants an ear to the underground (C4ISRNET) DARPA wants to figure out how to make communications technologies work in caves or collapsed rubble.

Legislation, Policy, and Regulation

Haley: North Korea 'brings us closer to war' the US doesn't seek (Military Times) The U.S. ambassador to the United Nations said Wednesday that North Korea’s latest launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile — which some observers believe could reach the Eastern U.S. — “brings us closer” to a war the U.S. isn’t seeking.

Trump answers Kim missile with ‘tough new sanctions’ (Times) President Trump insisted yesterday that North Korea would face “additional major sanctions” after it demonstrated a significant leap forward in its missile technology with another test launch. He...

Opinion | Are We Headed Toward a New Korean War? (New York Times) We have a failed strategy with a hopeless goal.

‘It’s a done deal’: Turkey plans to deploy Russian air-defense system in 2019 (Defense News) Turkey will have to operate the S-400 on a standalone basis because the system cannot be made interoperable with NATO and U.S. assets deployed in Turkish territory.

U.S. relisting of North Korea as state sponsor of terror seen as symbolic step with limited impact (The Japan Times) The U.S. decision hands Washington and Tokyo a symbolic victory, but will do little to solve the nuclear crisis roiling the Korean Peninsula, experts say.

US slaps new sanctions on North Korean, Chinese companies (Military Times) The Trump administration imposed new sanctions Tuesday on a slew of North Korean shipping firms and Chinese trading companies in its latest push to isolate the rogue nation over its nuclear weapons development and deprive it of revenue.

China wins its war against THAAD without firing a shot (South China Morning Post) Seoul signs up to military constraints in return for Beijing lifting economic sanctions, setting a worrying precedent for China’s regional rivals

Congress sends Trump $700 billion military spending bill (Military Times) Congress on Thursday sent President Donald Trump a sweeping defense policy bill authorizing a $700 billion budget for the military, including billions of dollars more for missile defense programs to counter the growing nuclear weapons threat from North Korea.

Congress to MDA: Prepare for space-based missile attacks (Defense News) Congress made another aggressive push for space-based missile defense in its annual defense authorization bill.

Space Corps is out in House version of defense policy bill (Defense News) The U.S. House voted on Tuesday to approve a $700 billion defense authorization plan for fiscal 2018 that rejects a proposed military service focused on space.

Space for a Space Corps? Congress lays groundwork for controversial plan (Defense News) The U.S. Congress is not creating a new military service devoted to space. But lawmakers who favored a Space Corps won a victory in the National Defense Authorization Act's aggressive overhaul of the Air Force’s organization for space.

Op-ed | Australia and America: United for a New Space Age (SpaceNews.com) With its economic ties to Japan and China, in addition to its bond with the British Commonwealth and the citizens of the United States, Australia is ready to co-write the next chapter of the New Space Age.

South Korea, China agree to manage North Korea issue peacefully, in stable manner (Reuters) The leaders of South Korea and China on Saturday agreed on the need to manage the security situation on the Korean peninsula in a stable way and to resolve North Korea-related tensions peacefully after a summit meeting, the South's presidential office said.

How to Handle South Korea's Missile Ambitions (Foreign Affairs) The Trump administration should seek limits on the range of South Korea’s missiles and ensure that the United States has a say in when they are used.

How the U.S. Can Deal With Iran's Ballistic Missile Program (Foreign Affairs) Only when Tehran is convinced that its security could be guaranteed regardless of its ballistic missiles will it consider fundamental changes to its missile program.

Iran says supreme leader limiting ballistic missile range (ABC News) Iran's supreme leader has restricted the range of ballistic missiles manufactured in the country to 2,000 kilometers (1,240 miles), the head of the paramilitary Revolutionary Guard said Tuesday, which limits their reach to only regional Mideast targets. The comments on Ayatollah Ali...

Korea, China agree to disagree on THAAD (Korea Herald) After months of a diplomatic spat, South Korea and China are finally in a mood to patch things up. But their detente cleverly circumvents the main point of their contention -- THAAD -- leaving many to wonder what will happen to the US missile defense system in South Korea that China has so strongly opposed.

The Air Force is speeding up cyber ops (Axios) A report coordinating cyber, air, and space ops comes out next week.

As the US Air Force Turns Its Focus to Space, This Small Team Could Lead the Way (Defense One) Once seen as a threat to traditional acquisition channels, the Operationally Responsive Space office is making it faster and cheaper to put new capabilities into orbit.

Mars-a-Lago: Can the Trump Administration Get Us Beyond the Moon? (Foreign Policy) Experts doubt a coherent space policy from the Trump administration.

Senate OKs eight defense nominees before Thanksgiving break (Military Times) The confirmation blitz brings the total number of defense officials approved by the Senate this year to 26.

 
Compiled and published by the CyberWire editorial staff. Views and assertions in linked articles are those of the authors, not the CyberWire or Cosmic AES

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