Signals & Space Monthly Cyber Security Briefing

February 2018

Prepared by the CyberWire (Thursday, February 1, 2018)—Developments in Signals and Space, from January 1st through January 31st, 2018.

False alarms: two within less than a week.

On Saturday, January 13, the Hawaii Emergency Management Agency (HEMA) mistakenly issued a false public warning of a missile attack. Panic and confusion ensued for about forty minutes before the word could be distributed that it was a false alarm, and that no missiles were inbound. The incident is being described as deriving from a combination of a poorly designed user interface (too easy to push the wrong button, the way it always happened to Boris Badenov on Rocky and Bullwinkle), ill-thought-out policies and procedures (the Governor, for example, couldn't tweet out reassurance because he couldn't find the Twitter password, and there was no way for the watchstander who pushed the wrong button to un-push it once he realized his mistake), human error by employees (one of whom, since dismissed, who's said to have a record of poor performance), and, as an overarching cause, the way in which emergency notification systems have failed to stay abreast of the way people now actually communicate online and with social media. A baffled sportscaster covering a golf tournament was observed interrupting his coverage to say that he'd received this alert, but that as far as he could tell there were no missiles falling.

Just three days later, on Tuesday, January 16th, Japan's NHK also issued a false alert that told people to take cover because North Korea may have launched a missile. This mistake was also ascribed to human error on the part of a staffer.

Investigation into the Hawaiian incident continues, but according to the FCC's preliminary results, the alert exercises seem to have been poorly structured drills: no notice, and, while they were preceded by the words "Exercise, Exercise, Exercise," they also included the words "This is no drill" (possibly an homage to the famous signal from Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941). They also occurred around a shift change at the responsible HEMA center, a time when information is notoriously easy to lose track of. Hawaii has suspended drills for the moment and upgraded its procedures, now requiring, apparently, two-person management of alerts, a well-established surety measure long used by nuclear forces.

Both the Hawaiian and Japanese incidents were errors, but it's easy to see why hackers might be interested in this kind of escapade. Motives could range from a basement-dweller doing it for the lulz to a hacktivist seeking to make a point to a nation-state interested in either fomenting mistaken retaliation or simple crying of "wolf" to erode trust in official warnings.

DPRK missile, nuclear, and cyber ambitions continue unabated.

Hawaii and Japan have both been nervous about their uncomfortable position within range of North Korean missiles. The DPRK has continued to rattle weapons at it neighbors, and is now believed to have made swifter progress in their development than the civilized world's intelligence services had expected. Supreme leader Kim said in his New Year's address that he has a nuclear button but would only use it under severe provocation. This hasn't reassured those who are in range, and are accustomed to evaluating threats in terms of capabilities rather than presumed intentions. 

What may offer some reassurance are signs that international sanctions appear to be biting Pyongyang harder. The US Director of Central Intelligence says the DPRK is being "strangled," and while that's a strong description, sanctions do appear to have forced North Korea to have cut back planned military exercises dramatically. Pyongyang does plan a parade with many missiles on display for February 8th, the day before the Winter Olympics open in PyeongChang, South Korea.

The DPRK has increased the tempo of its cyber operations recently, but these seem to continue the Lazarus Group's now familiar concentration on cyber crime, robbing banks and cryptocurrency wallets, and mining coin, in an attempt to recoup Pyongyang's struggling finances.

Missile defense system deployments and tests around the world show mixed results: Saudi Arabia is now thought to have failed to intercept missiles fired from Yemen, and testing continues in the US as programs and strategy are reevaluated.

Cyber threats to strategic forces.

Observers in both the US and UK warn that as strategic forces have grown increasingly connected, they're increasingly vulnerable to cyber attack. Their situation resembles that of critical infrastructure, where the attack surface has grown as outmoded and inherently air-gapped systems are upgraded to accommodate modern, networked controls.

India, Japan, demonstrate long-range launch capabilities.

India has tested the Agni-V, a ballistic missile whose 5000 kilometer range qualifies it as an ICBM. Japan's civilian Epsilon launch vehicle is also thought in principle to be adaptable into a strike weapon, although observers view such conversion as unlikely. China is watching developments closely.

Classified Zuma payload apparently lost.

The much-discussed but nonetheless highly classified "Zuma" payload was finally successfully launched by a SpaceX Falcon 9 on January 7th, with the booster returning as designed to Cape Canaveral for reuse. The launch was successful, but the deployment apparently was not. The Zuma payload, whatever it may have been, is generally thought to have either crashed in the Atlantic or to have gone into some undesired and unintended orbit. Zuma did appear in the satellite catalogue (as "USA 280," without further description) but it may have made an orbit or two, then crashed in reentry, or it may still be up there somewhere. The fairing that connected Zuma to the Falcon 9 was built by Northrop Grumman, the launch contractor. SpaceX says the Falcon's performance was "nominal," that is, as expected. Northrop Grumman and SpaceX have quietly grumbled in one another's direction, but a major commercial SpaceX customer, Iridium, has loudly said that whatever happened was probably Northrop Grumman's fault. There is speculation that the fairing holding the payload to the launch vehicle may have failed; such failures have caused payloads to be lost in the past. The Air Force has referred reporters to SpaceX, and SpaceX has said the reporters should ask someone else. 

Not much is publicly known about Zuma beyond reports that it was valuable and expensive (paid for by an unknown US agency) and that it was intended for low earth orbit. With all that, the Air Force still seems happy with SpaceX.

Falcon Heavy passes static test, now preparing for first flight.

SpaceX's Falcon Heavy is ready for its first flight. There's talk of SpaceX and Boeing being ready to conduct human-crewed flights as early as this year. The US Department of Defense is said to see the potential for considerable cost savings in Falcon Heavy.

SpaceX isn't the only commercial launch service in the game, either: on January 20th Rocket Lab's Electron vehicle successfully reached orbit, deploying its payload of three micro-satellites. The Electron was launched from Rocket Lab's facility on the Mahia Peninsula of New Zealand.

Militaries increasingly integrate cyber ops into tactical training.

The US Army, Air Force, Norway, and NATO have begun integrated cyber operations into their tactical and operational training. This integration is proceeding much as electronic warfare was earlier given a place in combined arms training. Photographs of US Army cyber operators in the Southern Corridor of the National Training Center at Fort Irwin are evocative: they suggest that such training is now part of brigade and task-force exercises.

Dual-use technologies raise anti-satellite worries.

DARPA is thinking about robotic craft that could repair satellites in orbit. Chinese R&D programs are mulling ways of using lasers to clean up space junk. Both programs prompt speculation about anti-satellite capabilities quietly forming beneath a dual-use fig leaf. Observers are quick to point out that one country's broom could be used to sweep up others' satellites along with orbital trash, and that a robot repairer could just as easily disable as it could enable.

Groping towards faster, more efficient procurement policies.

Defense procurement authorities in both the US and France resume their perennial efforts to buy space and cyber capabilities more quickly and efficiently. The US effort is given particular point by reports that show a large number of smaller businesses simply exiting the Defense market: that market's uncertainties are said to be more than they can tolerate.

Next Director NSA may be US Army's Nakasone.

The likeliest candidate to replace Admiral Michael Rogers, who's retiring this spring, as Director, US National Security Agency, is rumored to be the Army's Lieutenant General Paul Nakasone. Nakasone has led US Army Cyber Command since late 2016.



Today's edition of the CyberWire reports events affecting China, France, India, Japan, the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, the Republic of Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Yemen.

Selected Reading

Attacks, Threats, and Vulnerabilities (15)

Trends (5)

Marketplace (28)

Products, Services, and Solutions (14)

Technologies, Techniques, and Standards (16)

Design and Innovation (2)

Research and Development (7)

Legislation, Policy, and Regulation (12)

Litigation, Investigation, and Law Enforcement (2)

Events (2)

Attacks, Threats, and Vulnerabilities

Pandemonium and Rage in Hawaii (The Atlantic) A false alert of an impending missile attack highlights just how unprepared the country is for nuclear disaster.

It’s raining fake missiles: Japan follows Hawaii with mistaken alert (Naked Security) First the US state of Hawaii; now Japanese broadcaster NHK has issued an erroneous warning about a North Korean missile attack.

An Avalanche of Errors Led to the False Missile Alert in Hawaii (Motherboard) The FCC heard a preliminary report from an investigation into what went wrong.

The interface to send out a missile alert in Hawaii is slightly less bad [Updated] (Ars Technica) The employee responsible for the alert has been temporarily reassigned.

Hawaii False Alarm Hints at Thin Line Between Mishap and Nuclear War (New York Times) Security experts called it a frightening warning of how a technical error could trigger an unintended conflict with North Korea.

False Alarms of the Apocalypse (The Atlantic) At a time when state and non-state actors alike are resorting to disinformation operations, reliable official information is critical. 

Hawaii Chaos: The Internet Broke Emergency Alerts (The Atlantic) America’s emergency notification systems were first built for war, and then rebuilt for peace. They didn’t anticipate how media works in the smartphone era.

Someone Could Definitely Hack the Emergency Warning System. Here's Why They'd Do It. (Popular Mechanics) The false alarms of North Korean attacks against Japan and Hawaii look like innocuous mistakes. But there are plenty of good reasons why someone might want to mess with emergency alerts.

CIA: North Korea moving 'ever closer' to putting US at risk (Military Times) CIA Director Mike Pompeo said Tuesday that North Korea is moving “ever closer” to putting Americans at risk and that he believes leader Kim Jong Un won’t rest until he’s able to threaten multiple nuclear attacks against the U.S. at the same time.

What We Really Know About North Korea’s Nuclear Weapons (Foreign Affairs) It is more important than ever to be precise about the knowns and unknowns of North Korea's nuclear weapons program.

How U.S. Intelligence Agencies Underestimated North Korea (New York Times) For decades, they warned the North was making progress on a missile that could reach the United States. But the last breakthroughs happened faster than they expected.

North Korea and Cyber Catastrophe—Don’t Hold Your Breath (38 North) The heightened tension over North Korea’s missile and nuclear weapons programs, combined with growing DPRK cyber capabilities and their use for…

As America’s Nukes and Sensors Get More Connected, the Risk of Cyber Attack Is Growing (Defense One) Future nuclear weapons will be more sophisticated and better integrated with other equipment. That has benefits and drawbacks, according to experts.

Trump Official On Russian Hacking: 'A National Security Issue' ( Rather than downplay the threat of Russian interference in American elections, administration and state officials are cooperating to safeguard future votes.

Third Burkan-2H missile shows no sign of Saudi intercept (Jane's 360) Two ballistic missiles launched at Riyadh do not appear to have been shot down as claimed. The remnants of the missiles do not show signs of being hit by Patriot interceptors. A Burkan-2H ballistic missile that was shown to a television news team showed no indication it had been ...


What a Pentagon Report from the Year 2000 Got Right About Cyber War ( Many of the issues that concern cyber strategists today were already clear at the turn of the century.

The next cyber arms race is in artificial intelligence (Fifth Domain) The Army’s drone operations got its AI upgrade after the military contracted with Stryke Industries and their sub-contractor Scorpion Computer Services, the Army announced this month.

Supply chain cybersecurity threats may rise in 2018, warns Booz Allen (Supply Chain Quarterly) Companies could see an increase in cyber threats such as the NotPetya attack, which shut down container shipping giant Maersk.

Pentagon faces slew of cyber challenges in new year (TheHill) The U.S. military is facing a host of challenges as it seeks to cultivate and expand cyber operations in the new year.

In space and cyber, China is closing in on the United States ( The United States could soon be unpleasantly surprised as China continues to shore up its domestic capacity to produce high-end weapons, satellites and encryption technologies.


Unpredictable Pentagon Spending Causing Vendors to Leave Marketplace; Research and Development Stagnant (USNI News) Congressional spending has become so unpredictable, a panel of Pentagon experts said the defense industrial base is shrinking and the weapons systems of tomorrow are not being developed today. Speaking Monday at the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), a panel of experts responded to the findings of a report quantifying how defense …

Navy plans to spend $100 million on cyber through new other transaction authority ( The Navy's Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command is jumping on the OTA bandwagon, seeking to spend $100 million on 14 cyber technology areas.

Why the Pentagon can’t buy space hardware like aircraft carriers (C4ISRNET) If Pentagon leaders want to transform acquisition, here are the next commercial tenets they should adopt.

France armed forces chief Florence Parly: Defense will make room for future tech (Defense News) France is determined to shake up its arms procurement office in a bid to speed up its buying of weapons and pursue new technology. In the words of Armed Forces Minister Florence Parly:

U.S. Department of Defense Awards Booz Allen Hamilton $91.5M Contract to Provide Cybersecurity Support (BusinessWire) U.S. Department of Defense Awards Booz Allen $91.5M Contract to Provide Cybersecurity Support

Booz Allen books $165M Cybercom support order (Washington Technology) Booz Allen Hamilton takes in a potential five-year, $165 million contract to support planning and policy efforts at U.S. Cyber Command.

Boeing (BA) Wins $115M Deal to Support P-8A Aircraft Program ( The Boeing Company BA recently clinched a modification contract worth $115 million. Per the deal the company will provide integrated logistics services and site activation support to the U.S. Navy and the government of Australia for P-8A aircraft. Work related to this deal is scheduled to be over by Sep 2021.

Raytheon exec looks to grab emerging $8B missile market, targeting Boeing biz (Defense News) Raytheon is bullish on the next generation of surface-to-surface missiles coming into the fleet, an award that is expected to drop sometime this summer.

Raytheon Unit Wins $642M Deal for Ballistic Missile Test (Yahoo! Finance) Over time, missile defense has emerged as an integral part of defense strategy for all countries. Raytheon (RTN) has a strong forte in the multi-billion dollar missile defense market.

U.S. Navy Hiring Raytheon For ‘MALD-N’ Decoy/Jammer (Aviation Week) The U.S. Navy will hire Raytheon Missile Systems to develop and deliver an improved version of the Air Force’s ADM-160 Miniature Air-Launched Decoy/Jammer (MALD-J).

Air Force Eyes Software Task Order Award to Raytheon-Led Cyber Venture (ExecutiveBiz) The U.S. Air Force has announced its plan to award a task order to Forcepoint to provide a software platform for the service’s warrior preparation center. Raytheon operates Forcepoint as a cybersecurity joint venture with investment firm Vista Equity Partners. A FedBizOpps notice posted Monday says the Air Force Europe’s WPC will use the Trusted Thin Client software offering to enable exercise...

Lockheed Martin's Orlando unit scoops up $34M cybersecurity contract (Orlando Business Journal) With nearly every major device, vehicle and weapon having a type of computer or online capability, cybersecurity continues to be a major concern for the U.S. military. But a local defense firm is working to ward off malicious activity.

Lockheed to support Korea's Peace Krypton intelligence aircraft (UPI) Lockheed Martin was awarded a $33.6 million contract for support for South Korea's Peace Krypton tactical reconnaissance aircraft and mission support equipment.

Telos Corporation Selected by the United States Air Force for IT Enterprise Risk Management and Compliance Automation (Telos) Xacta® to automate the NIST framework, accelerate cloud adoption, and continuously monitor USAF systems

Air Force Space Command Awards Telos General and Special Agent of the Security Control Assessor License (Telos) Telos’ licenses renewed for providing fast and experienced cyber security and risk management services and streamlined accreditations in Air Force environments.

Northrop Names New Orbital Unit; Unveils Expansion Plan (Aviation Week) The new Northrop Grumman division housing Orbital ATK will be called Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems and will be led by Blake Larson, currently Orbital’s chief operating officer.

Northrop Grumman (NOC) Wins $172M Air Force Deal for BACN ( Northrop Grumman Corp. NOC recently secured a contract for Battle Field Airborne Communication Node (BACN).

Viasat Wins Contract From U.S. Special Operations Command ( Recently, ViaSat Inc. VSAT won an indefinite-delivery indefinite-quantity (IDIQ) contract to deliver advanced equipment, systems, services and support to Special Operations Forces.

NATO awards Cobham operational readiness training contract (Cobham) Cobham secures contract to provide Electronic Warfare Services for NATO training and exercises.

Mercury Systems Receives $3.9M Secure Solid-State Drive Order for Airborne Mission Management Application (GlobeNewswire News Room) Mercury Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ:MRCY) ( announced it received a $3.9 million follow-on order from a leading defense prime contractor for custom-engineered secure solid-state drives (SSD) deployed in an airborne mission management application. The order was booked in the Company’s fiscal 2018 second quarter and is expected to be shipped over the next several quarters.

Mercury Systems Receives $12.5M Order for Ground-Based Electronic Surveillance ( SWaP-optimized subsystem enables high-performance in a mobile platform

Mercury Systems Receives $2.5M Order for Military Storage Application ( Mercury Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ:MRCY) ( announced it received a $2.5M order from a leading defense prime contractor for custom storage appliances built with the Company's TRRUST-Stor® secure solid-state drive (SSD) devices for an undisclosed military application.

Mercury Systems Receives $7.7M BuiltSecure Memory Order for Airborne Command, Control and Intelligence Application ( Mercury Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ:MRCY) ( announced it received a $7.7 million follow-on order from a leading defense prime contractor for BuiltSecure™ high-density secure memory devices integrated into a state-of-the-art airborne command, control and intelligence system.

Mercury Systems Receives $12M RF Microelectronics Order for Airborne Electronic Warfare Application ( Mercury Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ:MRCY) ( announced it received a $12 million order from a leading defense prime contractor for SWaP-optimized radio frequency (RF) modules ready for integration into an advanced electronic warfare system.

Small business takes on Missile Defense cyber work (Washington Technology) Small business Decisive Analytics has won a $59.5 million contract from the Missile Defense Agency to support cybersecurity compliance requirements.

Russia now looking to sell its prized rocket engines to China (Ars Technica) The RD-180 is 40 years old but remains one of the highest performing engines.

Turkey makes deal to buy Russian-made S-400 air defense system (Defense News) Turkey is a NATO member, and its negotiations for the purchase of the Russian system have raised concerns with allies who say the country should invest in technology that is compatible with theirs.

The Making of the Largest Satellite Constellation in History (Motherboard) How Iridium rose from its ashes to launch the era of satellite megaprojects.

Products, Services, and Solutions

SpaceX launched a spy satellite Sunday. It may have failed. What happens now? (C4ISRNET) SpaceX is denying it played any part in the apparent failure of an expensive, mysterious government satellite system that launched Sunday.

The Zuma satellite appears lost—here’s what we know so far (Ars Technica) Both sides seem to be playing the blame game now.

SpaceX says its rocket performed exactly as intended in Zuma launch (TechCrunch) Following reports from Monday that the Zuma spacecraft, a mystery payload SpaceX launched for client Northrop Grumman on behalf of the U.S. Government, was..

The mystery behind the fate of a top-secret satellite comes at the height of one of Elon Musk’s biggest rivalries (Washington Post) Reports indicate a problem with a highly classified national security satellite as SpaceX and the United Launch Alliance step up their rivalry for lucrative government contracts.

Pentagon: Ask SpaceX about Zuma. SpaceX: That’s not our story to tell (Ars Technica) Without real information, there’s much speculation about North Korea and nukes.

SpaceX Customer Blames Northrop Grumman for Missing Satellite ( A major SpaceX customer spoke up for Elon Musk’s rocket company, pinning the blame for a secret military satellite’s disappearance on defense company Northrop Grumman Corp.

SpaceX Keeps U.S. Air Force's Confidence After Satellite's Loss ( The U.S. Air Force command that certified Elon Musk’s Space Exploration Technologies Corp. for military missions says it remains confident in the company’s capabilities despite the disappearance of a classified satellite it launched.

SpaceX’s New Beast of a Rocket, the Falcon Heavy, Is Go for Launch ( The first flight of the Falcon Heavy promises to be a public spectacle, with NASA selling out $195 viewing party tickets.

SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy rocket may mean big savings for DoD (C4ISRNET) A successful launch of SpaceX's Falcon Heavy could mean cheaper, more competitive space launch market for the Air Force and National Reconnaissance Office.

The White House seems interested in the Falcon Heavy launch (Ars Technica) “Major (positive) ramifications for US space industry if this goes according to plan.”

Airbus to provide near real-time access to its satellite data (GIS User) Offers ultra-fast delivery of worldwide images with KSAT ground station

Rocket Lab, a next generation space company, sets a milestone by reaching orbit (CNBC) Rocket Lab took a major step toward opening low-cost access to a new sector of the space industry.

Virgin Galactic Is Months Away From Bringing Tourists to Space (MSN) Virgin Galactic’s spacecraft the VSS Unity completed a successful glide test last week, keeping the company on track to operate the first space tourist expeditions later this year.

Aegis ashore should be operational in japan in five-years (Aviation Week) A long-anticipated Japanese decision to acquire two U.S. Aegis Ashore systems will offer national coverage against North Korean ballistic missiles but, the government suggests, not until 2022–23. The acquisition will release Japan’s Aegis destroyers for other duties, including protecting islands claimed by China. Aegis Ashore is very similar to the shipborne Aegis system. Both versions are built by Lockheed Martin and use Standard Missile (SM) interceptors, made mainly by ...

Technologies, Techniques, and Standards

Army Takes on Wicked Problems With the Internet of Battlefield Things (Meritalk) The Army’s work on the Internet of Battlefield Things (IoBT) is more than just a way to carve out a catchy name for the proliferation of smartphones, tablets, wearable devices, cameras and embedded devices that take the field with military forces. It also underscores the most important element of having those connected devices–the data collection and automated analytics capabilities required to make good use of the information they provide.

NATO cyber defense center appointed to train, educate troops (Fifth Domain) The CCD-COE is a global leader in thinking on cyber operations, strategy and international law

Norway worries about cyber threats during military exercises (Fifth Domain) Norway is working to protect its military exercises from cyber threats, particularly those from Russia.

DoD jams GPS in western states for joint exercise (C4ISRNET) The Air Force is jamming GPS in western states to prepare pilots for future age of electronic warfare as part of a series of war games.

Fighting Fire With Fire: Air Force’s Cyber Weapons Protect its Networks (MeriTalk) In the domain of warfare known as cyberspace, the Air Force’s cyber warriors naturally play a lot of defense, but they do it with the help of cyber weapons designed to add an important layer to the protection of the service’s operations and data.

Indian ICBM puts Beijing in range, may spur build-up in South Asia (Asia Times) New Delhi's progress in developing a long-range missile may push China to prop up defense and deterrence, with more installations in Pakistan

Can Japan’s Epsilon rocket be used as an ICBM? (Asia Times) US expert says civilian satellite launcher gives Tokyo fast way to deliver nuclear warheads – but the option is still a long shot

New missile warning satellite launched from Cape Canaveral (C4ISRNET) The Air Force launched the fourth satellite in its next-generation missile warning constellation aboard a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket Friday from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.

Air Force launches spy satellite from California (C4ISRNET) United Launch Alliance successfully launched a satellite for the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) aboard a Delta 4 rocket Friday.

Carbonite-2 satellite enters orbit to test British intel-gathering capability (C4ISRNET) The sensors employed on Carbonite-2 enable the British military to film moving objects such as vehicles, aircraft and ships in ultrahigh definition and color video.

Here’s the spaceflight stuff we’re most anticipating in 2018 (Ars Technica) Also, is this the year humans finally launch into space from US soil again?

SpaceX and Boeing Slated for Manned Space Missions By Year's End (Fortune) The winner would conduct the first U.S. crewed space flight since 2011

Electronic Warfare: The Part Of The F-35 Fighter Story You Haven't Heard (Forbes) Modern warfare is waged largely on the electromagnetic spectrum.

How a new satellite terminal feature was critical to Puerto Rico’s recovery (C4ISRNET) After a series of hurricanes devastated the U.S., Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands, the Army stepped in to boost communications.

Hainan satellite constellation system provides shield for South China Sea (ECNS) The ChinaRS Geo-informatics Co., Ltd (ChinaRS) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) announced the official launch of the "Hainan No. 1" satellite project on Dec.14, 2017. Hainan will launch its first satellite in 2019 and the Hainan satellite constellation system will be completed within the next four to five years.

When a North Korean Missile Accidentally Hit a North Korean City (The Diplomat) Early last year, a North Korean IRBM crashed in a populated area. What does that tell us?

Design and Innovation

Here's what the military's 'flight simulator' for cyber warfare might look like (Cyberscoop) The U.S. Army is experimenting with all different types of training for its cyber commands, including the creation of virtual classrooms for its “cyberwarriors.”

3 futuristic ways the Air Force could improve electronic warfare (C4ISRNET) A new request for information highlights three ways the Air Force is looking to bolster its electronic warfare capabilities for the long-term.

Research and Development

Chinese satellite uses quantum cryptography for secure video conference between continents (MIT Technology Review) Quantum cryptography has never been possible over long distances. But the first quantum communications satellite is rewriting the record books.

Bigger than a breadbox, but not by much: Lockheed successfully tests mini-missile (Washington Business Journal) What's shorter than a yardstick and can blow up enemy rockets, artillery and mortars?

Raytheon May Build Hypersonic Weapons to Keep America Ahead of Russia and China (Yahoo News) The Pentagon is working on countering the growing technological prowess of Russia and China by investing in a host of new technologies. While many of the details are classified, Raytheon is one of the big winners of the Pentagon’s largesse. “Countering pure nation threats with advanced technologies

Orbital ATK joins DARPA to research hypersonic engines (UPI) Orbital ATK announced on Tuesday that it has been tapped by DARPA to study the integration of turbine and hypersonic engine technologies for future engines.

The Dangerous Downside to DARPA’s New Repair Satellite (Motherboard) One country's orbital mechanic could be another’s saboteur.

Beijing Goes Boldly into Anti-Satellite Weapons Frontier (The Cipher Brief) Bottom Line: China is aggressively pursuing capabilities such as anti-satellite (ASAT) weapons that could diminish the U.S. military’s reconnaissance, navigation and communications in case of war in the South China Sea or on the Korean Peninsula. But while China’s ASAT capabilities threaten U.S. assets in space, it’s still unclear how they fit into Chinese military …

ONR seeks to speed development of cryptographic software (GCN) Galois is creating a suite of tools that will improve the development and testing of new cryptographic algorithms.

Legislation, Policy, and Regulation

North Korean leader says he has ‘nuclear button’ but won’t use it unless threatened (Washington Post) In New Year’s Day speech, Kim Jong Un vowed to make more nuclear warheads but also struck a conciliatory note, opening a path to dialogue with the South.

North Korea, Under Sanctions Strain, Dials Back Military Exercises (Wall Street Journal) North Korea’s armed forces have scaled back their annual winter military exercises this year, U.S. officials said, a development they believe reflects pressure from international sanctions on the North’s economy and its military preparedness.

Mike Pompeo: North Koreans 'trying to come up for air' as they're being 'strangled' by Trump (Washington Examiner) CIA Director Mike Pompeo says the North Koreans have reached out to South Korea to begin talks because they’re being “strangled” by Presiden...

White House starts debate on when NASA should leave the space station (Ars Technica) "Kudos to the administration for beginning the debate."

Feds may have to explain knowledge of security holes – if draft law comes into play (Register) House reps approve bill requiring vuln disclosure reports

The Pentagon no longer has a leader on space programs. What does that mean? (Defense News) The principal Department of Defense space adviser position has been vacated. What comes next is still a mystery.

The latest on the Pentagon’s space warfare center (C4ISRNET) An experimental center to track space threats for the Department of Defense and intelligence community is now fully operational.

Missile defense must prioritize homeland defense (TheHill) If disaster strikes, America doesn't have enough interceptor missiles to guarantee national defense.

New Army missile defense strategy due out this summer (Army Times) The new strategy will focus on the 2018 to 2028 time frame and will “nest” with the National Defense Strategy, the Army’s operating concept and the service’s new doctrinal concept of multidomain battle.

Is the Army ready to transform its missile defense force? (Defense News) From wargaming and dummy launchers to 'layered defense in a box,' the air and missile defense force will need to adopt new approaches to handle increasingly sophisticated threats.

The Marine Corps Wants to Make Cyber More Like Special Ops ( Marine leaders have been vocal about their desire to build more cyber capabilities into the force.

Trump expected to tap Army cyber warfare chief to lead NSA (POLITICO) The NSA is looking for a new leader after its current director, Admiral Mike Rogers, announced he will retire this spring, ending a near four-year run.

Litigation, Investigation, and Law Enforcement

Hawaii officials resign over missile alert (BBC News) Additionally the employee who sent the warning, who had a record of poor performance, is fired.

What to Expect from the Pentagon’s First-Ever Audit (Defense One) Dramatic surprises are unlikely, but the resulting information should feed better discussions and decisions about national-security spending.

Compiled and published by the CyberWire editorial staff. Views and assertions in linked articles are those of the authors, not the CyberWire or Cosmic AES

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